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E.g., 17 Aug 2018
14 Oct 2014

Principal Investigators

Principal Investigators are Cecily Kelleher (UCD) and Donal O’Shea (St Vincent’s University Hospital , St Columcilles Hospital, and UCD).

Overview

This Research Cluster will establish a Clinical Obesity Research Network to develop and co-ordinate the research activity on obesity management in Ireland.

Objectives

The primary objectives for this research cluster are to establish a national obesity cohort based on a database of severely obese adult an...

14 Oct 2014
Principal Investigators Mary McCarthy (UCC) and Patrick Wall (UCD). Overview

Irish people have experienced a unique set of circumstances over the past fifteen years, given the rapid growth of the Irish economy and the resulting dramatic changes (both positive and negative) in the lifestyle of Irish people. These changes range from increased disposable income for children, adolescents and adults, increased commuting and worki...

1 Oct 2014

Abstract

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples...

26 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background

Research in modern biomedicine and social science requires sample sizes so large that they can often only be achieved through a pooled co-analysis of data from several studies. But the pooling of information from individuals in a central database that may be queried by researchers raises important ethico-legal questions and can be controversial. In the UK this has been highlighted by recent debate and controversy relating to the UK's proposed 'care.data' initiative,...

18 Sep 2014
Abstract Background

In 2006, the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland established an Expert Advisory Group (EAG) for Diabetes, to act as its main source of operational policy and strategic advice for this chronic condition. The process was heralded as the starting point for the development of formal chronic disease management programmes. Although recommendations were published in 2008, implementation did not proceed as expected. Our aim was to examine the development of recommendations...

16 Sep 2014

Introduction

A novel obesity classification method has been proposed utilising body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ration (WHtR) together.  However, the utility of this approach is unclear.  In this study we compare the metabolic profiles in subjects defined as overweight or obese by both measures.  We examine a range of metabolic risk features, pro-inflammatory cytokines, acute-phase response proteins, coagulation factors and white blood cell counts to determine whether a combinati...

15 Sep 2014

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples was derived by a...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background Diabetes related complications are associated with poorer health and reduced quality of life. In Ireland, the prevalence of complications has been based on administrative and regional data; information on the national prevalence is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of diabetes and its related complications in a nationally representative sample of older adults in Ireland.

Methods Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sam...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background

Despite recommendations that central obesity assessment should be employed as a marker of cardiometabolic health, no consensus exists regardingmeasurement protocol. This study examined a range of anthropometric variables and their relationships with cardiometabolic features and type 2 diabetes in order to ascertain whethermeasurement site influences discriminatory accuracy. In particular, we compared waist circumference (WC) measured at two sites: (1) below t...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background 

Globally, the high prevalence of childhood obesity is recognised as a significant public health problem associated with adverse health consequences. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of this multifaceted problem is necessary to inform effective public health strategies. We aim to assess modifiable individual factors associated with childhood overweight and obesity whilst considering broader contextual factors including the home and local environment

Method...

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