Publications and Reports

Displaying 81 - 90 of 351
E.g., 18 Jan 2019
E.g., 18 Jan 2019
14 Oct 2014
Lifestyle Transitions and Trajectories through the Life course: Enhancing capacity in Irish cohort and cross-sectional studies

The aim of this programme of research is to describe transitions and trajectories in lifestyle factors at different stages of the life course, and to assess how different lifestyles impact on health outcomes and health care utilization. The three year programme, led by Dr Patricia Kearney, is part of t...

14 Oct 2014
Patient-Reported Outcomes: Feedback Interpretation and Learning Experiment (PROFILE) Trial

Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are questionnaires that assess patients’ health, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), and other health-related constructs. PROMs can be used in research (e.g. clinical trials) and audit (e.g. quality assurance). The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the UK and the Food and D...

1 Oct 2014

Abstract

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples...

26 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background

Research in modern biomedicine and social science requires sample sizes so large that they can often only be achieved through a pooled co-analysis of data from several studies. But the pooling of information from individuals in a central database that may be queried by researchers raises important ethico-legal questions and can be controversial. In the UK this has been highlighted by recent debate and controversy relating to the UK's proposed 'care.data' initiative,...

18 Sep 2014
Abstract Background

In 2006, the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland established an Expert Advisory Group (EAG) for Diabetes, to act as its main source of operational policy and strategic advice for this chronic condition. The process was heralded as the starting point for the development of formal chronic disease management programmes. Although recommendations were published in 2008, implementation did not proceed as expected. Our aim was to examine the development of recommendations...

16 Sep 2014

Introduction

A novel obesity classification method has been proposed utilising body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ration (WHtR) together.  However, the utility of this approach is unclear.  In this study we compare the metabolic profiles in subjects defined as overweight or obese by both measures.  We examine a range of metabolic risk features, pro-inflammatory cytokines, acute-phase response proteins, coagulation factors and white blood cell counts to determine whether a combinati...

15 Sep 2014

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples was derived by a...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background Diabetes related complications are associated with poorer health and reduced quality of life. In Ireland, the prevalence of complications has been based on administrative and regional data; information on the national prevalence is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of diabetes and its related complications in a nationally representative sample of older adults in Ireland.

Methods Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sam...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background

Despite recommendations that central obesity assessment should be employed as a marker of cardiometabolic health, no consensus exists regardingmeasurement protocol. This study examined a range of anthropometric variables and their relationships with cardiometabolic features and type 2 diabetes in order to ascertain whethermeasurement site influences discriminatory accuracy. In particular, we compared waist circumference (WC) measured at two sites: (1) below t...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background 

Globally, the high prevalence of childhood obesity is recognised as a significant public health problem associated with adverse health consequences. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of this multifaceted problem is necessary to inform effective public health strategies. We aim to assess modifiable individual factors associated with childhood overweight and obesity whilst considering broader contextual factors including the home and local environment

Method...

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