Publications and Reports

Displaying 1 - 10 of 83
E.g., 13 Dec 2017
E.g., 13 Dec 2017
12 Sep 2015

Background:

Burden of disease studies-crucial for informing public health policies.

Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) constitute the highest burden.

According to the WHO, 21% of the total Disability adjusted life years in 2012 in Ireland were from  NCDs.

Comprehensive recent estimate of NCDs burden employing common metrics are not available for the Irish population.

Aims of the study:

To measure the burden of selected NCDs (ischemic heart disease, stro...

15 Dec 2014

Abstract

Background Despite recommendations that central obesity assessment should be employed as a marker of cardiometabolic health, no consensus exists regarding measurement protocol. This study examined a range of anthropometric variables and their relationships with cardiometabolic features and type 2 diabetes in order to ascertain whether measurement site influences discriminatory accuracy. In particular, we compared waist circumference (WC) measured at two sites: (1) below the lo...

1 Dec 2014

There is an ongoing need for contemporary data on the prevalence of T2DM within Ireland.  This could help formulate strategies that further develop effective diabetes prevention, detection and management.

Aims

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed and diagnosed T2DM in middle-aged Irish adults and compare features in order to investigate why certain individuals remain undetected. In particular, we determined the extent to which the probability of diag...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background 

Globally, the high prevalence of childhood obesity is recognised as a significant public health problem associated with adverse health consequences. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of this multifaceted problem is necessary to inform effective public health strategies. We aim to assess modifiable individual factors associated with childhood overweight and obesity whilst considering broader contextual factors including the home and local environment

Method...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background Diabetes related complications are associated with poorer health and reduced quality of life. In Ireland, the prevalence of complications has been based on administrative and regional data; information on the national prevalence is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of diabetes and its related complications in a nationally representative sample of older adults in Ireland.

Methods Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sam...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background 

Coronary heart disease (CHD) death rates have been falling across most of Europe in recent decades. However, CHD remains the leading cause of mortality. Furthermore, substantial risk factor reductions have been achieved in some European countries, but not in others. This partly reflects rather patchy implementation of the most effective prevention policies. Our study therefore aimed to quantify the potential impact of future policy scenarios (reducing smokin...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background

International guidelines have not reached consensus on safe alcohol recommendations for pregnant women. Accurately measuring exposure to alcohol use during pregnancy is important in estimating the fetal effects of gestational alcohol consumption to inform alcohol policy. However, the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy is often conflicting. We aimed to compare the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in three contemporary studies....

19 Aug 2014

Abstract

Background

Childhood obesity is complex, and its aetiology is known to be multifaceted. The contribution of lifestyle behaviors, including poor diet and physical inactivity, to obesity remains unclear. Due to the current high prevalence, childhood obesity is an urgent public health priority requiring current and reliable data to further understand its aetiology.

Objective

The objective of this study is to explore the individual, family, and environmental...

19 Aug 2014

Abstract

Introduction

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes within the Republic of Ireland is poorly defined, although a recent report suggested 135,000 cases in adults aged 45+, with approximately one-third of these undiagnosed. This study aims to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed and diagnosed diabetes in middle-aged adults, and compare features related to either condition, in order to investigate why certain individuals remain undetected.

Methods

This was a cross...

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